COVID-19 Vaccines Available to Children Aged 6 Months to 5 Years

COVID-19 Vaccines Available to Children Aged 6 Months to 5 Years
By Colleen Whitcomb, Colleen Whitcomb, Academic Advisor, Southern New Hampshire University

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 200 million Americans are fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years old joined those eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in mid-June. Many families have struggled with having unvaccinated household members, and this update will help those who have been navigating the stress of fear of exposure to feel more comfortable returning to normal activities. The dose for this age group is one-tenth the dosage provided to adults, so side effects from the shot are less likely, while protection is provided (Smith Rogers, 2022).

Pfizer and Moderna were each required to share the results of clinical trials proving that the vaccines were safe and effective among children from 6 months to 5 years old to receive the emergency use authorization. The results of the clinical trials were reviewed by vaccine experts and the Food and Drug Administration (Macmillan, 2022). Emergency use authorizations are used when no alternative treatment exists, and medical products need to be expedited. The emergency use authorization can only last for the length of the public health emergency that caused it to be declared (Macmillan, Emergency Use Authorization, 2022). Parents and guardians can feel safe having their children vaccinated because of the data found in the clinical trials that showed mild to moderate side effects from the vaccine and no new safety issues identified (Macmillan, 2022).

New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services released a statement letting residents of New Hampshire know that 10,000 pediatric vaccines are here, with weekly shipments arriving (NHDHHS, 2022). This age group can receive their first dose from over 200 providers across the state participating in this distribution (NHDHHS, 2022). The New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services encourages parents and caregivers to consult their child’s pediatrician to see if the shot will be administered at their office. A map of public vaccination providers can be found at vaccines.nh.gov. Click HERE to download.

References
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (CDC). (2022). CDC Recommends COVID-19
Vaccines for Young Children. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2022/s0618-children-vaccine.html

Macmillan, C. (2022). COVID-19 Vaccines for Kids Under 5: What Parents Need to Know. Yale
Medicine. Retrieved from: https://www.yalemedicine.org/news/covid-19-vaccines-kids-under-5#:~:text=For%20those%20ages%205%20and,effects%20were%20mild%20or%20moderate.

Macmillan, C. (2022). Emergency Use Authorization Vs. Full FDA Approval: What’s the
Difference? Yale Medicine. Retrieved from: https://www.yalemedicine.org/news/what-does-eua-mean

New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services (NH DHHS). (2022). NH DHHS
Announces Expansion of COVID-19 Vaccine Eligibility to Children as Young as Six Months Old. Retrieved from: https://www.dhhs.nh.gov/news-and-media/nh-dhhs-announces-expansion-covid-19-vaccine-eligibility-children-young-six-months

Smith-Rogers, L. (2022). 10 Reasons to Vaccinate Your 5 & Under Child for COVID-19 as
Soon as Possible. John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Retrieved from:
https://publichealth.jhu.edu/2022/10-reasons-to-vaccinate-your-5-under-child-for-covid-19-as-soon-as-possible

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